What is Fasting? – Prayer Surah Verse


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fasting; It is the third pillar of Islam, and it is obligatory for every Muslim who can afford to fast for a month during Ramadan. Failure to do so is a great sin.

Fasting is not just about being hungry and thirsty. The purpose of fasting is patience, gratitude, self-discipline and understanding the state of hunger.

We start with intention, when do we start fasting? It is the time elapsed from the beginning of the dawn (imsak time) to the sunset. During this period, it is an act of worship performed by not eating, drinking and abstaining from sexual intercourse.

Anyone who claims to be a Muslim must make an intention during the month of Ramadan and fast from the beginning of dawn, which is from the morning prayer until the sunset, that is, until the evening prayer, abandoning food, drink and lustful desires.

Is Fasting Mandatory?

Yes, fasting is obligatory and obligatory for Muslims who can afford it. Fasting Surah Bakara, verse 183. Our Lord says, “O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you (as it is written). I hope you will be protected.” It has been made obligatory as stated.

Again, in the 185th verse of the same sura, “Whoever of you reaches this month, let him fast. Whoever is sick or on a journey should have an accident on the other days as much as the number of days he could not hold.” It was ordered that fasting should be fulfilled.

Along with this, our Prophet (saas) declared that one of the 5 fundamental principles of Islam is to fast during Ramadan.

For whom is fasting obligatory?

Fasting in the month of Ramadan is a debt of worship and fard ayn for every sane male and female Muslim who has reached the age of puberty. That is, it is obligatory upon us.

It is not obligatory for children who have not reached puberty to fast. On the other hand, it is a good behavior to encourage them to fast as much as they can, by encouraging them from a young age, like prayer, without forcing them, and if they do it, of course, it will be rewarded, but if they do not, there will be no liability.

Fasting is also obligatory for travelers or those who are sick. However, as a convenience, it is not obligatory for them to fast during Ramadan. In order for Ramadan fasting to be obligatory during the month of Ramadan, there is a condition of health and residence.

Our religion has permission and permission for passengers and sick people. If they wish, they keep their fast in Ramadan, if they wish, when the passengers return home from the journey, and when the patients recover, they make up for the day. If the disease does not go away with the approval of the doctor, they pay penance.

What is the reward of fasting?

When we say the reward of fasting in the month of Ramadan, there is no limit or calculation for it. In this blessed month, Allah’s mercy, blessings, blessings, goodness and goodness are far beyond what we expected and expected.

Our Prophet (saas) says: Allah (swt) said: “Every work of a human being is for himself. But fasting is not like that. Fasting is for me and I will reward it.”

Our Prophet (saas) says: “There is a door in Paradise called Reyyan. Only fasting people will enter through this door on the Day of Judgment. No one else can enter with them. It is called ‘Where are those who fast?’ called and those who fast will enter Paradise from there. When the last one enters, the door closes and no one can enter through that door.”

“A person who stops himself from the food and drink that his soul desires during fasting, Allah Almighty will make him eat the fruits of Paradise and drink the rivers of Paradise.” (Kanzu’l-Ummal, 3/328)

“The sleep of a fasting person is considered as worship, and his silence is considered as tasbih. Their good deeds and worship are rewarded many times over. The prayer of the fasting person is accepted by Allah and his sins are forgiven.” (Kanzu’l-Ummal, 3/327)

Fasting Benefits

Fasting has many benefits both spiritually and healthily. Here are the material and spiritual benefits of fasting;

1. By fasting, we show our loyalty to Allah’s orders.

2. Our strength of patience, which we always need, increases. Our fighting ability increases.

3. We understand the value of the blessings bestowed.

4. It develops compassion and mercy in us.

5. It is a reason to reach Allah’s mercy and forgiveness.

6. On the Day of Judgment, anyone who wants an intercessor should fast.

7. It enriches the sustenance and is also the zakat of the body.

8. A balance occurs in social life.

9. Fasting is conducive to health.

12. A person who wants to improve his morals should fast.

13. It gives people the opportunity to self-control.

14. your fast It has an effect on returning from bad morals to good morals.

However, experts fasting; They declare that it increases the body’s resistance, repairs cells, prevents the risk of Type 2 diabetes, reduces stress and inflammation, protects heart health, prevents cancer, is beneficial for Alzheimer’s disease and strengthens the mind.

I don’t want to fast?

I have a hard time keeping the fasting time, I can’t stand the thirst. I don’t think it will hold this year, what should I do instead? There may be those who do not fast with such things.

First of all, let’s know that it is impossible not to fast with these expressions without an excuse. These are the expressions of the soul and the devil. Fiqh is clear. If there is an excuse, Islam does not oblige them.

The fasting of every Muslim who is healthy and fit, without falling for the tricks of his soul and the devil, will lead him to happiness both in this world and in the hereafter.

Yes, what we have to do is the basics of Islam. from the terms The only thing that matters is fasting and attaining the many virtues that come with fasting.


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