Wars and Conquests of Our Prophet Muhammad Mustafa (saas)


In this article, we have compiled and brought together the Wars of Muhammad Mustafa (pbuh) Period and the conquests made at this time. I hope it will be a useful article.

Wars of the Period of Muhammad Mustafa (pbuh)

Battle of Badr

Date: March 3, 624

Reason: The reason for this war for Muslims is that the polytheists, who forced Muslims to migrate to the hadith, plundered the property left behind.

For the polytheists, however, since the Muslims could not use their property, they found the solution by attacking the caravans of the polytheists. That’s why they decided to fight.

Parties: Muslims and Quraysh Polytheists

Results: With this victory, which was the first great success, he greatly strengthened the population of our Prophet (saas) in Medina.

Significance: Thanks to the victory of about 300 Muslim armies against an army of about 1000 polytheists, the religion of Islam that we believe in today has survived to this day.

Features: It is the first war of Muslims in history. It is the first war between Muslims and non-Muslims. The Battle of Badr was the first battle the Muslims of Medina won against the polytheists of Mecca. Click for detailed information..

Battle of Uhud

Date: March 27, 625

Reason: The Quraysh wanted to avenge the Battle of Badr and regain their lost reputation. That’s why they decided to fight.

Parties: Muslims and Quraysh Polytheists

Results: The Meccans realized that they would not be able to destroy the Muslims. Click for detailed information.

Trench Warfare

Date: February 23, 627

Reason: After the Battle of Uhud, Muslims made expeditions to the east and north of Medina. After these expeditions, Mecca caravans closed their way to Syria, Egypt and Iraq,

Parties: Muslims and Quraysh Polytheists

Results: In 628, the Hubeydiye Peace Treaty was signed with the Meccans, which appeared to be the acquisition of privileges for the Muslims.

Significance: With this war, Muslims got out of their defensive position and accelerated the spread of Islam outside of Medina.

Features: It is the last war between Meccan polytheists and Muslims. Click for detailed information.

Conquest of Khyber

Reason: The city of Khyber, which was almost the center of the Jews, began to pose a threat to Islam.

Parties: Jews and Muslims

Results: The Muslims were victorious.

Significance: It is the Muslims’ first offensive war and Khyber is the first Muslim conquest and thus the Islamic State’s policy of conquest began. Click for detailed information.

Hudaybiyah Peace Treaty

Date: 628

Reason: The events that took place when our Prophet (saas) and his Companions wanted to go to Mecca to visit the Kaaba and this was prevented by the polytheists.

Significance: The Meccans officially accepted the political existence of the Muslims.

The establishment of an environment of peace accelerated the spread of Islam. The conquest of Mecca became easy. Although the terms of the treaty seemed to be against the Muslims, it was actually a victory.

Parties: Muslims and Polytheists

Deterioration Cause: In the 8th year of the Hijra, in the month of Shaban, the Banu Bakr tribe suddenly raided the Huzaa tribe, which was under the protection of our Prophet, one night. So the treaty was broken. Click for detailed information.

Mute War

Date: 629

Reason: Our Prophet (saas) sent envoys to all four corners of the world to spread Islam, inviting every community, from tribes to states, to Islam. One of these envoys, Haris bin Umair, was sent to the Busra (Havran) valley of the Byzantine Empire. But Shurahbil, the governor of Busra, had the ambassador martyred. Our Prophet (saas) was deeply saddened by the martyrdom of Haris bin Umair and decided to fight.

Parties: Byzantine Empire and Muslims

Results: Both sides withdrew from the war. The winner or loser is unknown.

Feature: It has the distinction of being the first war between Muslims and a State Empire. Click for detailed information.

Conquest of Mecca

Date: January 1, 630

Reason: As a result of the breach of the Hudaybiyya Agreement between Muslims and Qurayshi polytheists, our Prophet (saas) started preparations for war.

Results: Knowing that they could not resist the strong Islamic army, the polytheists could not oppose the conquest. There are no preparations in this direction anyway. And they surrendered and began to wait for the decision of our Prophet (saas). Click for detailed information.

Battle of Hunayn

Reason: When they went on and conquered Mecca, the tribe of Havazin realized that it was their turn now, and they defended the idea that we should attack them before the Muslims attacked us, and went into attack.

Parties: Muslims with Havazin

Military Forces of the Parties: While the people of Havazin had a military force of 20,000, the Muslims had a military force of 12,000.

Significance: With the war of Hunayn, another important step was taken towards clearing the Arabian peninsula from polytheism and making tawhid prevail. Click for detailed information.

Expedition to Taif

Reason: The people of Taif, who cooperated with the Havazim before the battle of Hunayn, took all the fleeing enemies, especially Khalid bin Awf, into the castle and prepared for a defensive war after the war was lost.

Significance: With the conversion of the people of Taif to Islam, the Hijaz was completely Islamized during the time of our Prophet (saas). Click for detailed information.

Tabuk Expedition

Date: The year 631 just before the Farewell Pilgrimage.

Reason: It is an unfounded letter written by the Christian Arabs in Syria to the Byzantine Emperor Horraclius. In this letter; They reported that our Prophet (saas) was dead, that there was famine and poverty in the Islamic geography, that Muslims were in a difficult situation due to famine, and that they could return to their Christian religion with an expedition against them.

Significance: With this expedition, the power of the Islamic army was understood and recognized by other countries.

Feature: It is the last expedition that our Prophet (saas) participated in.

Results: -The broadest limits were reached during the time of our Prophet (saas).

The Ghassanids accepted Islam. The Damascus trade route was completely in the hands of the Muslims. Political unity was achieved in the Arabian peninsula. Preliminary preparations were made for the conquest of Syria. Quarantine was applied for the first time due to the epidemic. Click for detailed information.

In this way, the wars of the Muhammad Mustafa (pbuh) Period brought many hardships and difficulties for Islam. God bless them. my vessel.

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