Battle of Badr
Battle of Badr, It was the first war fought between Muslims and Quraysh polytheists.. It was called the Battle of Badr because of the battle that took place in the Battle of Badr on March 3, 624.
Cause of the Battle of Badr
The reason for this war for Muslims is that the polytheists, who forced the Muslims to migrate, plundered the goods left behind.
For the polytheists, however, since the Muslims could not use their property, they found the solution by attacking the caravans of the polytheists. That’s why they decided to fight.
Significance of the Battle of Badr
This war is very important for Muslims. Thanks to the victory of about 300 Muslim armies against an army of about 1000 polytheists, the religion of Islam that we believe in today has survived to this day. The warriors known as the Companions of Badr or Bedriyun are the most valuable of the Companions of our Prophet (saas). Thanks to this victory, the foundations of Islam were solid.
Our Prophet (saas) prostrated before the battle;
He prayed, “O my God, if that small army melts away, there will be no one left on earth to worship you.”
Brief Summary of the Battle of Badr
Badr is 120 km from Medina. It was a town located in the southwest, 20 km from the Red Sea. The caravans passing between Mecca and Medina stopped by this town and went as far as Syria. The townspeople made their living by the services they provided to the caravans. In return, the Muslims, whose goods were plundered, attacked the caravans and made their living in this way. The Quraysh, who were informed that there would be an attack on a caravan containing a lot of commercial goods under the leadership of Abu Sufyan, began to prepare for war.
This news was also conveyed to Abu Sufyan. Thereupon, Abu Sufyan did not rest the caravan, and he escaped the attack by taking advantage of the darkness without going to Badr. While an army of about 300 people under the command of our Prophet (saas) awaited the caravan of Abu Sufyan, the Quraysh had prepared an army of about 900 people. Although Abu Sufyan sent the news that the danger was over, the Quraysh, trusting the army’s power, set out for the town of Badr. When the armies came face to face, a begging was made in accordance with the war conditions of that day. After the Private Dilama Incident, the war started and the Quraysh began to disperse gradually. They dispersed completely after their commander, Abu Jahl, was killed. Hz. Ali played an important role in this war.
The Incident of ‘Begging Private’ in the Battle of Badr
The begging event, which was a tradition in the Arab wars at that time, is called the encounters between each other until they kill each other by selecting 3 people from each armies. Of the Muslims, Hz. Ali, Hz. Musa and Ubeyde Bin Haris fought with Utba, Shayba and Walid from Mecca and Muslims won all 3 matches. Then the war started.
Consequences of the Battle of Badr
- The spiritual impact is huge.
- With this victory, which was the first great success, he greatly strengthened the population of our Prophet (saas) in Medina.
- The people of Medina, who were pagan, also began to convert to Islam.
- At the end of the Battle of Badr, our Prophet (saas) made decisions regarding the captives, the division of the captured booty, and the wounded enemy soldiers. His decisions on these issues formed the basis of Islamic war law.
- For the Meccans, the defeat at Badr was a severe disaster and the reputation of Mecca in Arabia was shaken.
- The Badr wells and the Damascus Trade Road were captured by the Muslims.
Characteristics of the Battle of Badr
- It is the first war of Muslims in history.
- It is the first war between Muslims and non-Muslims.
- The Battle of Badr was the first battle the Muslims of Medina won against the polytheists of Mecca.