Brief Summary of the Tabuk Campaign
In 631, which coincides with the 9th year of the Hijra, Greek Emperor Horraklius, with the provocations of the Christian Arabs, went on a campaign against the Muslims with his army of 40,000 people. The news of this expedition reached our Prophet (saas), and upon this, our Prophet (saas) declared a mobilization. The enemy was met in Tabuk with an army of 30,000 volunteers. Although there was no war due to the epidemic, the Muslims won a great victory. The reason for this is; It is the courage of the Muslims to stand up to the strongest army of the time. In this way, other countries recognized the power of the Islamic army.
Tabuk Expedition History
It took place just before the farewell pilgrimage in 631, the 9th year of the Hijra.
The Reason and Importance of the Tabuk Expedition
It is an unfounded letter written by the Christian Arabs in Syria to the Byzantine Emperor Horraclius. In this letter; They reported that our Prophet (saas) was dead, that there was famine and poverty in the Islamic geography, that Muslims were in a difficult situation due to famine, and that they could return to their Christian religion with an expedition against them.
Significance: With this expedition, the power of the Islamic army was understood and recognized by other countries.
The Most Important Feature of the Tabuk Campaign
It is the last expedition that our Prophet (saas) participated in.
Tabuk Expedition Results
-The broadest limits were reached during the time of our Prophet (saas).
The Ghassanids accepted Islam.
The Damascus trade route was completely in the hands of the Muslims.
-Political unity was achieved in the Arabian peninsula.
-Preliminary preparations have been made for the conquest of Syria.
Quarantine was applied for the first time due to the epidemic.