A Brief Summary of the Life of Yavuz Sultan Selim Han
He was born on October 10, 1470 in Amasya, as the children of his father, Beyazid Han II and Aise Hatun. Since his childhood, he started to take lessons in the Quran, Tafsir, Fiqh and Hadith. In addition, he learned the higher sciences. Known for his intelligence and agility, he was also skilled at wrestling, shooting arrows, and wielding swords. He spoke Arabic and Persian languages very well.
He did not attach importance to magnificence, liked simplicity and dressed simply. He did not want mansions and luxury things to be built for him by spending too much money. Sultan Selim Han favored the awliya and considered it an incomparable blessing to attend their sonbets. Continuous; “Being the Sultan of the World is a dry fight, I have a guardian, it’s a sentence.” he would command.
During the Cairo-Damascus march, Yavuz Sultan Selim was riding on horseback and was chatting with the great scholar Kemal Pashazade, who was also an Anatolian Kazasker. While passing through a muddy field, Kemalpaşazâde’s horse had stepped into a waterhole and the splashing mud had risen up to Yavuz’s robe. The great scholar was deeply embarrassed and could not even apologize for his haste, but Yavuz Sultan Selim Han;
“The mud splashing from the feet of a scholar’s horse gives me honor. When I die, let them put this muddy robe on my chest!” he ordered.
After his death, his will was fulfilled, and his caftan, which has been preserved with mud ever since, was covered over his sarcophagus.
Footnote: According to the allegations, this robe was taken under protection in 2005 when it was revealed that it was wanted to be taken to Gülen for a denunciation. Two people who tried to steal the caftan were caught and arrested. After the April 16 referendum, together with President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and Speaker of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey İsmail Kahraman, his caftan was put on the ark again.
Duties in State Administration
He was appointed as the Governor of Trabzon after his father Beyazid II ascended the throne. Here he learned the administration and administration of the state.
Upon the abdication of his father, Sultan Beyazid II, he ascended to the throne as the 9th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire in 1542 at the age of 42. During the sultanate period, which lasted a little more than 8 years; By adding Eastern Anatolia, Northern Iraq, Lebanon, Syria, Palestine, Egypt and Hejaz to the Ottoman lands, he doubled the state. He increased the 2,373,000 km2 of land he inherited from his father to 6,557,000 km2.
- He took the relics from the last Abbasid caliph in Egypt and connected the caliphate to the Ottoman sultans.
- He established the first shipyard in Istanbul in 1516. Ships were built here and a large navy was built.
He died in the Çorlu plain while he was on his last expedition in 1520.
Yavuz Sultan Selim Khan mausoleum
A hill overlooking the Golden Horn was built in Fatih between 1516 and 1522 by Sultan Selim the Magnificent in memory of his father, Yavuz Sultan Selim Han. There are Kulliye, Mosque, Ibaret, School, Hospital, Turkish Bath and Tombs. Although it is not known exactly by whom it was built, it is estimated that it was built by Architect Acem Ali in terms of its architectural structure.
A distinctive feature of the complex is its octagonal tomb, which was built in a classical way and has a portico entrance. In this tomb, which is located in the graveyard of the complex in the direction of the qibla, the sarcophagus on the far right relative to the qibla is the sarcophagus of Yavuz Sultan Selim. And a white robe hangs over the head of the coffin. This caftan, which belongs to Yavuz Sultan Selim, is the famous caftan where the horse of Ibn Kemal, one of the scholars of the period, splashed mud.
In the other tomb, which has similar architectural features, next to this tomb, the daughters and princes of Kanuni Sultan Süleyman, who died at a young age, are buried. In addition, the tomb of Hafza Sultan, the mother of Suleiman the Magnificent, is located in the graveyard of the complex. The structures that have survived from the Historical Complex are the mosque, tombs and the primary school, which was built at the entrance of the outer courtyard.