What is the Meccan Period of our Prophet? How many years did it take? What are the important events in this time period? Things to know in this article.
When we say the Meccan Period of our Prophet, it covers the period from his birth to his migration to Medina. In other words, this period includes infancy, childhood, youth, and the time of the first Prophethood.
What is the Meccan Period of Our Prophet?
In other words, in an environment called ignorance in Mecca, Hz. Born of a family descended from the Prophet Abraham and following the Hanif religion brought by him, Hz. This is the period when Muhammad (saas) became a prophet at the age of 40, inviting a pagan society to the true religion.
It is a period when that blessed person (saas) was assigned the duty of prophethood, and people who believed in him fought their own religion for 13 years, and finally ended when they migrated from their homeland, Mecca, to Medina.
A Sun Is Rise
On the 12th night of Rabi-ul-Awwal, the date of our Prophet’s Mecca Period, April 20, 571, Hz. Muhammad (saas) honored the world. Hz. Muhammad (pbuh) was born in the family of the Hashimoğulları, one of the prominent families of Mecca. His mother is Amine and his father is Abdullah.
Childhood of Our Prophet
Our Prophet’s father, Abdullah, died six months before he was born. As is customary, the milk was given to the mother and she stayed with Halime, who was a wet nurse, for 4 years, and then her mother returned to Hz. He returned to Amine.
The Prophet’s mother, Amina, stayed with him for 3 years, and together with Umm Ayman, who served them, they went to Medina to visit her relatives and her father’s grave. On the way back, his mother got sick and died in Ebva, after which he took his grandfather Abdulmuttalib under his protection.
After his grandfather Abdulmuttalib immigrated to the hereafter in 579, he continued to live with and under the protection of his uncle Abu Talib.
When he was 12 years old, he went to Damascus with his uncle Abu Talib with the caravan for trade purposes. A priest named Priest Bahira in Busra discovered that the Messenger of Allah was the last expected prophet when he saw a cloud following them and some signs.
After the priest Bahira was convinced that he was the last prophet expected, he advised his uncle Abu Talib to return, saying that if they continued their journey, they would notice this in their Jews and they would be harmed.
The Youth of Our Prophet
The subject of our Prophet’s Mecca Period. of the prophet youth We continue with. He remained neutral during the Fijar war, which lasted four years between Quraysh and Hevâzîn, and eventually joined the Hilfu’l-Füdul (Treaty of Virtues) society. Hz. The Prophet was always proud of this throughout his life.
He started to deal with trade at the age of 20 and received the title of El-Amin with the accuracy he showed in trade and in his life. At the age of 25, he went to Damascus for trade. 3 months after this trade, Hz. Hatice Bin Hüveylid married our mother.
Hz. Hatice only Hz. She was not only the wife of Muhammad (pbuh), but also his friend, confidant and later moral supporter.
Hz. Our Hatice mother gave birth to 2 sons and 4 daughters. They had six children named Kasım, Zeyneb, Rukiyye, Ümmü Gülsüm, Fatima and Abdullah, respectively.
In 605, according to the tradition, after the destruction of some parts of the Kaaba by frequent floods, it played an important role in the repair of the Kaaba, and when the repair was completed, disagreements arose among the tribal leaders about who would have the honor of replacing the Hacerül-Aswad stone.
One of the elders suggested that the first person who enters through the door of the Kaaba should take his advice, and this is Hz. Mohammed was. He, on the other hand, opened his cloak and placed that blessed stone in the middle, then asked the four great tribes to lift it.
Then he took the stone and set it in place. This cloak has become an important symbol for later poets and writers.
In the Meccan period of our Prophet, before he became a Prophet, he would often go to the Hira cave and pray there according to the Hanif religion. In 610, in the Hira cave, on the Night of Power of the month of Ramadan, Hz. He became a prophet with the first revelation of Gabriel.
The first verses were the first 3 verses of the 96th Surah of the Qur’an, Surah Al-Alak. After the revelation of these verses, he returned home and his wife, Hz. He asked Hatice to cover herself.
There was an interruption of about 3 years after the first revelation. This interregnum is called. He was relieved afterward when the Revelations resumed. After this interregnum period, the first verse was the 11th verse of Duha Surah, “Your Lord did not abandon you and he was not offended by you”, and he was ordered to start warning, starting with his relatives.
As ordered, it began to be conveyed from his relatives and the first Muslims were sent to Hz. Hatice, Hz. Abu Bakr, Mr. Ali and Hz. Zayd’s. That year, her daughter, Hz. He was born in Fatma.
After 3 years of secret service, he went to the top of Safa and gave his first open message, and gave meals to his close relatives. After these communiqués, their uncle Hz. Hamza and Hz. Although Abbas accepted him as a prophet, he was fiercely opposed by Abu Lahab, who was also one of his uncles.
While those who accepted in Mecca were few in number, most of them did not accept and mocked. That year, Muslims began to be tortured and persecuted.
In 615, due to the heavy torture and pressure of the polytheists, Hz. Under the leadership of Osman, 14 Muslims migrated to Abyssinia and in the same year Hz. Hamza and Hz. Omar became a Muslim.
Persecutions and Oppression
In 616, with the increase of pressure and persecution, the second migration to Abyssinia was made. In this migration, a total of 101 people, including 18 women, went to Hz. He went to Abyssinia under the leadership of Cafer Ibn Abi Talib. At that time, Amr Ibn As, who was not yet a Muslim, tried to persuade the Negus, the king of Abyssinia, not to take care of the Muslims, but he was unsuccessful.
In 617, upon the rapid spread of the religion of Islam, about 40 people from among the leaders of Quraysh held a meeting under the leadership of Abu Jahl.
Moreover, they wrote and sealed this boycott decision with an ahitname and hung it in the Kaaba by wrapping it in a cloth. Their aim is to harass Muslims and Hz. It was the Prophet’s surrender to them. In this way, they started a social and economic boycott of Muslims that would last for 3 years.
This boycott lasted for 3 years. In the same year, our Prophet’s (saas) son Kasım and then his other son Abdullah passed away. After them, his uncle Abu Talib died and after him Hz. Our mother Hatice passed away. That year was called the Year of Sorrow.
In 620 Hz. Our Prophet (saas) went to Taif to invite him to Islam, but after he was severely insulted, he returned to Mecca under the auspices of Mut’im bin Adi.
Behind these sorrows, the events of Isra and Miraj, which had an important place in the life of our Prophet, were experienced and Allah honored our Prophet from His presence and honored him with his beauty.
Allegiances of Aqaba
Later, with the grace of Allah, the 1st Aqaba Allegiance was made and 12 Muslims from Medina paid allegiance to the Messenger of Allah on Aqaba Hill. Then our Prophet (saas) sent Hz. Mus’ab b. He commissioned Umair.
The 2nd Allegiance of Aqaba was made in 622, and the Prophet (saas) had sent him the previous year to explain Islam to the people of Madinah. Mus’ab b. With the work of Umair, 75 people of Evs and Khazraj met with our Prophet (saas) secretly and invited him to Medina.
First, the weak and old, and then our Prophet (saas) Hz. Together with Abu Bakr in 622 from Mecca They migrated to Madinah. Quba mosque was built and the first call to prayer was read. Thus, the brotherhood between Muhajir and Ansar was established.
With the Migration, the Meccan period of our Prophet came to an end. A grueling and troublesome doner has come to an end. God first of all. May he be pleased with the Prophet and his blessed Companions. Islam has come to the present day with their efforts and efforts.