Hz. Umar (ra) Caliphate Period Egypt Conquest (642)


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Reason for Egypt Conquest: Egypt’s economic wealth and its vulnerability to threats from Byzantium.

Result of the Conquest of Egypt: Christians were compelled to pay the jizya tax.

The Importance of the Conquest of Egypt: This city was prepared to be used as a camp for the conquest of North Africa.

Hz. Martyrdom of Umar (ra): He was martyred by an iron master who wanted his tax to be lowered.

THE CONQUEST OF EGYPT BRIEF SUMMARY

The conquest of Egypt was inevitable because of its economic riches. In addition, it would be very difficult to defend against the dangers that may come from this region. For this reason, the Islamic army under the command of Amr bin As set out for Egypt in 640. Here he fought with the Roman army for about a year. As a result of this struggle, Egypt was partially captured. Amr bin As founded the city of “fusfat” in Cairo, near Egypt. His aim was to use this city as a camp for the conquest of North Africa. The conquest of Egypt was completed with the capture of Alexandria in 642.

Hz. Umar (ra) was martyred by an iron master who wanted his tax to be reduced.


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