Hz. Brief Summary of the Arbitration Case of Ali (ra) Caliphate Period


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Hz. Brief Summary of the Arbitration Case of Ali (ra) Caliphate Period

Date: 657

Reason: In the battle of Siffin, Hz. While Ali(ra)’s army was about to win the war, Muawiya’s army resorted to deception. By hanging the Qur’an leaves on the ends of the spears, so that no more brother blood will flow in this war, let the Qur’an act as an arbitrator for us and let’s solve the problem like this. They caused strife in Ali (ra)’s army. Hz. Even though Ali (ra) ordered his army to fight, he could not pass his word and the referee incident took place.

Parties: Hz. Ali (ra) and the Governor of Damascus are Muawiya. Hz. While Abu Musa was Ali(ra)’s arbitrator, Amr bin El As was Muaviye’s arbitrator.

Results:

Abu Musa;

When Amr Al As argued, “It is the right way to take the caliphate of these two people and present them here among the Muslims, to elect whomever they want as the Caliph”;

– “This is the solution,” he said, and gathered in the square to inform the public about the decision. When Abu Musa made the decision public,

-“Here you see Abu Musa, who appointed him as a referee. He withdrew Ali(ra) from the Caliphate and I declared Muawiya the caliph” and chose Muaviye as the caliph by deceit.

At the end of this event, the Muslims were divided into 3 groups. These groups are;

– Hz. Ali (ra) supporters (Shiites)

-Muawiya supporters (Sunnis)

– Foreigners (Neutrals)

Significance: After this agreement, the first differences began to be seen among the Muslims.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE REFEREE EVENT

In the battle of Siffin, Hz. While Ali(ra)’s army was about to win the war, Muawiya’s army resorted to deception. By hanging the Qur’an leaves on the ends of the spears, so that no more brother blood will flow in this war, let the Qur’an act as an arbitrator for us and let’s solve the problem like this. They caused strife in Ali (ra)’s army. Hz. Even though Ali (ra) ordered his army to fight, he could not pass his word and the referee incident took place. Hz. While Abu Musa was Ali(ra)’s arbitrator, Amr bin El As was Muaviye’s arbitrator. After long negotiations, Abu Musa;

When Amr Al As argued, “It is the right way to take the caliphate of these two people and present them here among the Muslims, to elect whomever they want as the Caliph”;

– “This is the solution,” he said, and gathered in the square to inform the public about the decision. When Abu Musa made the decision public,

-“Here you see Abu Musa, who appointed him as a referee. He withdrew Ali(ra) from the Caliphate and I declared Muawiya the caliph” and chose Muaviye as the caliph by deceit.

At the end of this event, the Muslims were divided into 3 groups. These groups are;

– Hz. Ali (ra) supporters (Shiites)

-Muawiya supporters (Sunnis)

– Foreigners (Neutrals)

After this agreement, the first differences began to be seen among the Muslims. The Kharijites who emerged in these separations and Hz. Ali (ra) Battle of Nehrevan has happened.


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