In this article, we will convey the information we have gathered about the life of Hazrat Ali and important events such as the jamel event that took place during his reign.
Hazrat Ali was born inside the Kaaba in 600, and is the son of the Prophet’s (saas) uncle, as well as his son-in-law and 4th caliph. His father is Abu Talib, and his mother is Fatima bint-i Esed and his grandfather is Abdulmuttalip. Hz. Ali (ra) was honored with Islam when he was ten years old, and in the ‘Brotherhood Agreement’ made in Medina, our Prophet (saas) was the Prophet. He chose Ali (ra) as his brother.
Hazrat Ali was born in 624, the daughter of the Prophet. He married Fatima and they had children named Hasan, Hüseyin, Muhassin, Zeynep and Ümmü Gülsüm (r.anhuma) from this marriage. He was always with the Prophet (saas) and participated in all wars.
During the time of Hazrat Umar (ra), he took care of all the legal affairs of the state and almost served as the honorary chief judge of the Islamic State. Hz. After Ömer’s martyrdom, he was in the council committee of six people, who was assigned to elect the new head of state.
He was one of the last two candidates out of these 6 people. Hz. After the martyrdom of Osman, the caliphate Hz. He was offered this offer to Ali. Talha and Hz. Zubayr (ra) accepted after much insistence.
The Case of Cemel – The Case of Cemel
Date: It occurred in 656.
Reason: Hz. Aisha, Mr. In finding the murderers of Osman (ra), Hz. He thought that Ali(ra) was acting slowly. Hz. Talha and Hz. With the support of Zübeyir, Hz. They declared that they did not recognize Ali (ra)’s caliphate and gathered an army.
Parties: Hz. Ali (ra) and Hz. Ayşe and her supporters Hz. Talha and Hz. It happened between Zubayr.
Jamel Incident Results:
- Ali(ra)’s army won the war.
- Talha and Hz. Zubayr was martyred.
- Approximately 10,000 people from both sides were martyred.
- Ayşe was sent to Medina.
- The center of the state was changed for the first time and moved to the Iraqi city of Kufa.
Significance: This war is the first civil war among Muslims.
Brief Summary of the Cemel Case
Hz. Aisha, Mr. In finding the murderers of Osman (ra), Hz. He thought that Ali(ra) was acting slowly. Hz. Talha and Hz. With the support of Zübeyir, Hz. They declared that they did not recognize Ali (ra)’s caliphate and gathered an army. The governor of Damascus, Muawiya, also provided moral support to this army, but did not give any military support.
Hz. Learning that Ayşe gathered in the Basra region by gathering an army, Hz. Ali (ra) gathered his army and confronted them. Hz. Ali (ra) Hz. Ayşe and Hz. He sent an envoy to Zübeyir and stated that he wanted this issue to be settled in peace.
On both sides, St. He wanted to find Uthman (ra)’s murderer and they agreed to settle this matter peacefully. While everyone retreated to their tents and spent the night in peace, Hz. Osman’s (ra) killers were not idle again.
Some of the men Ali (ra) next to Hz. Ibn-i Saba, who sent him to Aisha, caused strife between the two sides and caused the death of approximately 20,000 people. In this war, which is called the event or case of Cemel, Hz. Talha and Hz. Zubayr was also martyred.
Thus, the first civil war between Muslims took place. Hz. Ali(ra)’s army war won. Hz. Talha and Hz. Zubayr was martyred. Approximately 10,000 people from both sides were martyred. Hz. Ayşe was sent to Medina. The center of the state was changed for the first time and moved to the Iraqi city of Kufa.
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