fasting Being away from something, which is the third condition of Islam, means preventing oneself against something. Fasting is an Arabic word and its root is the word savm.
Fasting, in general terms, is a form of worship that consists of not eating, drinking and abstaining from sexual intercourse during the period between dawn and sunset, that is, from the time of dawn to sunset.
Regarding fasting, it is stated in the Qur’an that fasting was made obligatory on previous societies as well. Fasting has an important place in self-discipline, with the awareness of being a servant to Allah, the obedience of a believer, and the discipline of being a servant.
Like fasting, Allah’s orders and prohibitions contain many wisdoms, but our aim should always be sincerity and sincerity in all our worship. Fasting is like that, and it has many material and spiritual wisdom and benefits.
The first fast in the history of Islam is the fast of Ashura. and it was made obligatory in the second year of Hijra.
Hz. The Prophet (saas) said the following regarding fasting: Fasting is a shield for us. If a fasting person tries to argue or fight with himself, let him say “I am a fasting person” twice. I swear by Allah, who keeps this soul in this body, that the mouth odor of a fasting person (changes due to hunger) is more pleasant to Allah than the smell of musk.”
Allah (swt) states the following about fasting: “He leaves his food, drink and desires for me. Fasting is for me. And I will reward him.”
Making Fasting Worship Obligatory
Verses 183 – 184 of Surah Baqarah mean that; “O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, so that you may fear Allah. Fasting is for a number of days.
Whoever among you is sick or on a journey, he will keep it on other days as many as the number of days he does not keep. Those who are unable to fast give a ransom for the satisfaction of the poor. However, whoever does a good deed (for example, gives more than the ransom), it is better for him.”
In the early days, those who asked from the Companions fasted, while those who wished did not and instead gave a ransom equal to the number of days they did not keep. Afterwards, the 185th Verse of Baccarat Surah Mealen; With the verse “…whoever of you reaches this month, let him fast during it”, fasting is made obligatory for everyone who catches up with the month of Ramadan.
Advice of the Prophet on Fasting Worship
“Whoever fasts in Ramadan and then adds 6 more days in Shawwal, it will be as if he fasted the whole year.” (Muslim)
“The Messenger of Allah (saas) ordered us to fast on the white days (ayyam-i bid) that coincide with the thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth of the month.” (Nesai)
Our Prophet (saas) recommended fasting three days a month. Hz. Aisha (ra) Our Mother “On which days of the month did the Messenger of Allah fast?” when he was asked “The Messenger of Allah did not care much on which day of the month he fasted” had answered. (Muslim)
Hz. According to the narration from our Aisha Valide; “The Messenger of Allah looked forward to fasting on Mondays and Thursdays” ( Tirmidhi )
Our Prophet (saas) stated that it is virtuous to fast outside the month of Ramadan as well. Regarding fasting in Muharram “The most virtuous fasting after Ramadan is fasting in Allah’s month, Muharram. The most virtuous after fard prayer prayer night prayer he ordered. (Muslim)
Our Prophet (pbuh); “Deeds are presented to Allah on Mondays and Thursdays. I would like to fast during the fulfillment of my deed.” he ordered. ( Tirmidhi )
Again, when the Prophet (saas) was asked about fasting on Monday; “I was born that day, revelation came to me that day” he ordered. (Muslim)
Regarding fasting in the month of Shaban, Hz. Aisha our mother; “I have never seen a month in which the Messenger of Allah (saas) fasted more than he did in Sha’ban.” (Muslim)
Except for the month of Ramadan, our Prophet (saas) fasting It is rumored that he did not. (Muslim)
When Fasting is Forbidden
Our Prophet (saas) also reported the times when fasting is prohibited. These times are the 1st day of Eid-al-Fitr and the days of Eid-al-Adha. (Bukhari)
It has also been narrated that our Prophet (saas) disliked fasting only on Fridays. The hadith that expresses this is as follows: “One of you should not fast only on Friday unless he fasts the day before or the day after Friday.” (Bukhari)
Fasting has many worldly and otherworldly benefits and they are innumerable. Our duty is to fast because Allah has ordered it with sincerity.