What is the definition and scope of faith? In this article, we will share the articles we have compiled on the subject of faith, which is the key to the happiness of both worlds.
What is the definition of faith for all of us as believers? When we say faith, it is necessary to know the subjects such as what is understood and what we should understand.
Definition of Faith
Faith In the lexicon, it means “to confirm, to confirm, to accept what you say, to sincerely accept, to give confidence, to be safe, to believe sincerely and wholeheartedly without leaving any room for doubt”.
As a term Faith, Hz. It is to affirm the certain truths that the Prophet (saas) brought from Allah, which are called zarurat-i diniyya, that is, to accept the things he informs without hesitation and to believe wholeheartedly that they are true and true.
According to this; The truth and essence of faith is with the approval of the heart. The affirmation of the heart is the essential element of faith. There is a very close relationship between faith and knowledge. Every believer knows what he believes, but not every knowing requires believing.
In order for the knowledge about the principles to be believed to be called faith, there must be a free will-based submission, submission and approval in one’s heart and soul. The basis for giving reward to those who believe and punishment to those who do not, and whether there is a person’s heartfelt devotion and approval are examined.
Some of the verses and hadiths that show that the point of definition of faith is a work of the heart, the confirmation of the heart are as follows; “O Prophet, do not be saddened by those who say with their mouths we believe, even though their hearts do not believe, and those who run in disbelief among the Jews…” (Surah Maida 5/41).
“Allah will put the people of Paradise into Paradise and those of Hell into Hell, and then he will say, “Look, if you find someone with faith as big as a mustard seed in his heart, get him out of Hell” (Bukhari, “Faith”, 15)
As can be seen, the main point of faith is the heart’s affirmation. Even if a person says that he believes with his tongue, it is not possible for him to be a believer if he does not confirm it with his heart. On the other hand, a person who cannot express his belief with his tongue due to an excuse such as being dumb or who says he is an unbeliever and unbelieving because he is under threat is also called a believer.
the meaning of faith
One of the Companions Ammar b. Yasir could not stand the heavy pressures and death threats of the Qurayshi polytheists and believed in his heart that he was not a Muslim with his tongue, and that Hz. He said that he had left the religion of Muhammad, and a verse was revealed about this event, and it was stated that Amman was a believer.
Although the essential element of faith is the confirmation of the heart, since people cannot know what is hidden in the heart, the belief in the heart must be expressed and revealed with the tongue, and that person must be subjected to a process according to this word and confession in the world. For this reason, confession, that is, the expression of the belief in the heart with the tongue, is not a part of faith, but rather its worldly condition.
Only God knows what is in the hearts. A person’s belief can be understood either by his own words or by performing certain acts of worship, such as praying in congregation, that show that he is a believer.
Then this person will be recognized as a believer, he will be treated as a Muslim, and he can marry a Muslim woman. The meat of the slaughtered animal is eaten, and it is held liable for religious taxes such as zakat and tithe.
When he dies, the funeral prayer is performed and he is buried in the Muslim cemetery. If a person does not profess his belief with his tongue, such provisions peculiar to Muslims are not applied to him.
Our Prophet expressed that confession is very important in faith with the following hadiths. “There is no God but Allah, although in his heart is wheat and barley and faith is the measure of the speck. Whoever says that Muhammad is his messenger will come out of Hell. (Bukhari, “Faith”, 33)
“Humans, there is no god but Allah. I have been ordered to fight them until they say that Muhammad is his messenger. Whenever they say this, they have the safety of life and property. However, the penalties imposed in accordance with public law are exempt from this. The accounting of their inner faces belongs to Allah.” (Bukhari, “Jihad”, 102)
Since confession with the tongue is so important, faith is generally defined as “confirmation with the heart and confession with the tongue”. However, defining faith in this way does not necessitate that a person who says he believes, even though he does not believe with his heart, is a believer. In a verse on this subject, “There are some people who say, “We believe in Allah and the Last Day, although they do not believe” (Surat al-Baqara 2/8) has been commanded.
In short, the word
A person who says that he believes with his tongue even though he does not believe in his heart –because his belief and confession in the heart cannot be known- is treated like a Muslim in the world. But he has no faith and hypocrite He will be treated as a disbeliever in the hereafter and will be in eternal Hell.
As can be understood from this information, the affirmation of the heart is the pillar, indispensable element and unchangeable basis of faith. The acknowledgment of the tongue was also a condition that enabled the recognition of this original and truth.