Parties to the War: Muslims and Sassanids
History of the War:26 November 634
Cause of War: As a result of the victories won against the Iranian armies in Nemarik and Kesker, Iran prepared a new army and attacked.
Outcome of the War: The Sassanids won the War, but were forced to retreat due to business turmoil. Thus, the Muslims crossed the Euphrates and advanced to the Tigris.
Importance of War: This defeat has gone down in history as the greatest defeat in the period of the first conquests.
Brief Summary of the Bridge Battle
The Battle of the Bridge coincided with the month of Sha’ban in the 13th year of the Hijra. The exact date is known as 26 November 634. The war was fought between the Sassanids and the Muslim Arabs. Both sides suffered heavy losses.
The great commander Abu Ubayd, on the Iraqi front, Musanna b. He took part in Harise’s army and defeated the Iranian forces in Nemarik and Kesker. The Iranian commander-in-chief, Rustam, prepared an army to avenge these defeats. He appointed Behmen Cazeveyh at the head of the army. Having won victories against the Iranian forces in Nemarik and Kesker, Abu Ubayd Musenna wanted to confront this army as well, and stayed in Mirvha.
Between the two armies there was only the Euphrates River. Abu Ubayd chose to attack, and with the bridge he built from boats, he transferred his army to the opposite shore and attacked the Iranian army. There were about 30 elephants in front of the Iranian army and the Muslims were surprised when these elephants took action. In the turmoil that ensued, Abu Ubayd fell under the feet of an elephant and was martyred. His martyrdom caused the defeat.
This defeat It was reported to Umar (ra) with shyness and shame. The Iranians could have taken advantage of this defeat, but they missed the opportunity due to a concern about civil unrest.
This defeat has gone down in history as the greatest defeat in the period of the first conquests. Although the defeat and the war were lost, the Muslims, who took advantage of the retreat of the Sassanids due to internal turmoil, crossed the Euphrates and advanced to the Tigris.