Battle of Siffin – History – Cause – Parties – Importance and Results


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Battle of Siffin – History – Cause – Parties – Importance and Results

Date: 657

Reason: Hz. The differences of opinion between Ali (ra) and Muawiya, the governor of Damascus. Hz. Ali (ra) said, “A person’s right cannot be sacrificed for anything.” While defending the idea that Osman (ra)’s real killers should be found and punished, Muawiya defended the idea of ​​killing the entire rebel group, saying, “The law of the servant is sacrificed for the welfare of the nation.” This difference of opinion was the reason for the start of the war.

Parties: Hz. It was made between Ali (ra) and Muaviye, the governor of Damascus.

Military Forces of the Parties: Hz. While the military strength of Ali (ra) was about 90,000 people, Muawiya joined the war with an army of 85,000 people.

Results: Hz. When Ali (ra) was about to win the war, Muawiya’s army resorted to deception. He hung the verses of the Qur’an on the spears and said, “Let the Qur’an be the judge between us”. They were shouting at Ali (ra)’s soldiers. Hz. Although Ali (ra) understood that this was a war trick and ordered his soldiers to fight, he could not speak up and Referee Incident it happened.

Significance:

  • While Ali (ra)’s authority was seriously shaken, Muawiya’s authority increased seriously.
  • The Kharijites who emerged as a result of this war and Hz. They opposed both Ali (ra) and Muawiya’s caliphate.
  • After the Kharijites, Hz. With the martyrdom of Ali (ra), there was no obstacle for Muawiya to become the Caliph, and thus the Caliphate passed to the Umayyad dynasty.
  • Both sides suffered huge losses in the war. While some sources report the total loss as 70.000, some sources report it as 45.000.
Brief Summary of the Battle of Siffin

In 657, on the plain of Siffin, east of Raqqa, near the bank of the Euphrates, Hz. The armies of Ali (ra) and Muawiya came face to face.

Hz. The differences of opinion between Ali (ra) and Muawiya, the governor of Damascus. Hz. Ali (ra) said, “A person’s right cannot be sacrificed for anything.” While defending the idea that Osman (ra)’s real killers should be found and punished, Muawiya defended the idea of ​​killing the entire rebel group, saying, “The law of the servant is sacrificed for the welfare of the nation.” This difference of opinion was the reason for the start of the war. Before the war, ambassadors made negotiations for peace many times, but no result could be reached.

During these negotiations The Jamel Incident After Muawiyah He became even more opposed to Ali(ra).

Hz. When Ali (ra) was about to win the war, Muawiya’s army resorted to deception. He hung the verses of the Qur’an on the spears and said, “Let the Qur’an be the judge between us”. They were shouting at Ali (ra)’s soldiers. Hz. Although Ali (ra) understood that this was a war trick and ordered his soldiers to fight, he could not speak up and Referee Incident it happened.

As a result of the war, St. While Ali (ra)’s authority in the Islamic world decreased, Muawiya’s authority and supporters increased. At the end of the war, St. A new rebel group called the Kharijites, who did not know Ali (ra) and Muawiya, emerged. They martyred Ali (ra). Hz. With the martyrdom of Ali (ra), the period of 4 Caliphs ended, and the Caliphate passed to the Umayyad dynasty. The first caliph of the Umayyad dynasty was Muawiya.


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